Carnegie Museum of Natural History
45 Pennsylvania projectile points were needed for an interactive children's exhibit at Carnegie.  This was quite a daunting task to complete in a
month in a half, but the results are displayed here.  The exhibit will open October 15, 2011 and promises to be something enjoyable by children
and adults alike.

All of the flints and cherts used in this project were materials available to the ancient occupants of Pennsylvania for thousands of years before
present time.  
Exhibit:  "M" Is For Museum
Susquehanna Broad Points
This is the largest grouping of modern knapped Susquehanna Broadpoints that you will find on the internet.  From left to right, the raw
materials are:  Onondaga Chert (Ontaria, Canada), Esopus Chert (Eastern, NY), Pennsylvania Jasper (Reading, PA), Esopus Chert (Eastern,
NY), and highly patinated Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada).  It also represents some of my best flintknapping efforts for this point type.  
Though many of the raw materials originate in New York State, many of them were also found as glacial deposits in Pennsylvania or were
traded southward by the aboriginals.  All the above points are between 4.5 and 5 inches in length
Gainy Eastern Clovis Points
Represented above are five Clovis points made for this exhibit.  The materials from left to right (bottom horizontal point last) are:  Normanskill
Chert (Coxsackie, NY), Coshocton (Upper Mercer) Chert (Ohio), Flint Ridge (Ohio), Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada, Onondaga Chert
(Ontario Canada).  Though all of these materials do not originate from Pennsylvania, it is well established that the paleo Clovis people had a
preference for fine materials that originate many hundreds of miles from Pennsylvania.  Many ancient Clovis points of the above materials have
been found in Pennsylvania.  The two center points are fluted from base to tip on the side shown.  All of the above points are around 5 inches
in length.
Kirk Corner-Notched Points
Above are the first Kirk points I've ever made.  I studied a lot of orignals in order to come up with this style.  The serrations were tricky, but I
enjoyed making this type.  The materials are as follows from left to right:  Esopus Chert (Eastern, NY), Coshocton Chert (Ohio), Flint Ridge
Chalcedony (Ohio), Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada), Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada).  This grouping of points was in the range of 3 to
3.5 inches in length.
Perkiomen Points
Perkiomen points are a very unique point to Pennsylvania and to New York State.  By far, Perkiomen points are more numerous in
Pennsylavania than any other state.  As a knife form, these points are generally not symetrical, so the above points are made true to type.  The
3 on the left are made from Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada) while the two on the right are made from Pennsylvania Jasper (Reading, PA).  
This grouping measured from 2 inches in length to 3.5 inches in length.
Snyder's Points
A great many Snyder's Points were made in the midwest and Ohio regions.  They of course spread eastward and Pennsylvania has a decent
representation of this point type.  The materials are as follows left to right, top to bottom:  Flint Ridge Chalcedony (Ohio), Onondaga Chert
(Ontario, Canada), Coshocton (Upper Mercer) Chert (Ohio), Flint Ridge Chalcedony (Ohio), Pennsylvania Jasper (Reading, PA).  The
Onondaga specimen is one of the best of this type I've ever knapped.
Meadowood Points
Meadowood points are a woodland point that are very thin and have very shallow notches.  Left to right, top to bottom, the materials are:  
Normanskill Chert (Coxsackie, NY), Pennsylvania Jasper (Reading, PA), Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada), Bald Eagle Jasper (PA),
Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada).
Turkey Tail Points
Turkey Tail points are another woodland point.  Many times they are found in caches with red ochre rubbed on them.  The five materials from
left to right, top to bottom are:  Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada), Hornstone (Indiana), Hornstone (Kentucky), Dongola (Indiana), Hornstone
(Indiana).
Adena Points
Adena points were another staple woodland point.  This type can be found from the midwest up into the northeast and the south.  The center
of the Adena culture was in the Ohio region.  The materials from left to right are:  Nethers Flint Ridge (Ohio), Flint ridge (Ohio), Onondaga
Chert (Ontario Canada), Coshocton (Upper Mercer) Chert (Ohio), Flint Ridge Chalcedony (Ohio).
Levanna Points
Triangular points like the Levanna can be found in almost all regions of the United States.  It was the true "arrowhead" that was used to tip
arrows.  In Pennsylvania, the Iroquois and Susquehannock Indians would have been using points like these to tip their arrows at the time they
had first contact with white settlers.  The materials from left to right, top to bottom are:  Pennsylvania Jasper (Reading, PA), Pennsylvania
Jasper (Reading, PA), Glacially Deposited Flint (Gibson, PA), Normanskill Flint (Coxsackie, NY), Onondaga Chert (Ontario, Canada).