Ground Stone Work Page 2
Traditional ground stone work was accomplished by shaping with percussion, pecking into shape with a harder angular
stone, smoothing with finer grained sandstones, and polishing with animal fat and sand or other grit.  Hours upon hours of
work went into various axes, celts, gouges, birdstones, banner stones, pipes and adze forms.  I've made some
reproductions the old way as described above, so I can appreciate the process.

Offered here are ground stone reproductions finished with a combination of old and new processes.  I take the raw stones
down with a modern angle grinder tool, peck the entire surface to remove the modern tool marks, then smooth and polish
the old way with grit and sand stones.  In effect the moder grinder cuts the production time by more than half.  The end
result is the same because the pieces are finished with the traditional ways.  All pieces will be permenantly signed by me.
This is a really nice Pentagonal slate pendant.  It's made from a dark slate found in Lisle, NY.  
The hole was drilled with an Onondage flint drill point made by me, so the hole doesn't bear the
tell tale metal drill bit swirls and markings.  It's a beautiful plain example of the type at 4 inches
long and 2 1/2 inches at it's widest part.   This one took me about 3 hours to complete.
GS10-08 Slate Pendant       $20.00
This slate pendant has it all.  It's made from dark colored slate found in a creek in Lisle, NY.  It
has several talley marks along the top edge that were grooved in with a flint flake.  The hole was
drilled with an Onondaga flint drill made by me so that the hole looks correct.  I rubbed it in good
old NY soil to take some of the polish off it.  At a bit over 3 1/2 inches in length and 1 3/4 inches
at it's widest part, it's a fine replica.  I have about 3 1/2 - 4 hours into this piece.
GS10-04 Slate Pendant       $35.00
Here is a good representation of the
diverse kinds of ground stone items I
make.  From left to right:  Medium sized
dog effigy pestle, Full grooved axe
(replica of SRAC Museum piece in
Waverly, NY, Slate ulu mounted on a
wooden handle with pine pitch glue, Small
celt, Large Lamoka beveled adze, Gouge
made of PA Argillite.