Other Cherts And Flints
    Take a look at some of the more popular cherts and flints that modern flintknappers enjoy to knap.  Most of these lithic materials were also utilized by the ancient inhabitants of the areas they came from.  The purpose of this page is to give new knappers a look at these different raw materials, as often they hear about them but may not know what they actually look like.  This page is obviously not an all inclusive guide to all the lithic materials.
Burlington Chert
   Burlington is probably the most popular chert within the knapping community.  This is largely in part to it's vast availability, wide array of colors, and it's acceptance of heat treatment.  When freshly quarried, Burlington chert can be many colors but is usually white, cream, or blue/white.  When heat treated, especially the creek cobbles, it can turn pink, red, orange, or a swirl of all those colors.  Burlington is a great chert for beginners because it is easy to knap, plentiful, and more forgiving of poor billet strikes than some cherts.  A bucket of plain white spalls would be a good investment for the new knapper.  Good heat treated Burlington chert is a pleasure to knap.
Texas Chert
   Texas Chert is also a very popular chert to work amongst knappers.  This is largely in part to the vast quantities that are available.  It comes in colors like blue/grey, grey, tan, brown, translucent browns and tans, reds, red & white marbled (Alibates), and probably a couple more colors I forgot to mention.  Since you can't stick a shovel in the ground in certain parts of Texas without hitting a piece of chert, it means that this chert can go for as little as $1.00 per pound for unheat treated tan kinds.  Each kind of Texas Chert has it's own name such as Pedernales, Georgetown, Alibates, Texas Tabs etc......I prefer the Texas Tabular pieces as they always seem to have quality material inside and are generally thin to begin with.  The only problem with tabs is that you have a square edge to start from, but once you get the hang of doing that they are a pleasure to knap. 
Current Price Per Pound:  $2.50 - $3.50 heat treated w/ color in it  less for plain white
Current Price Per Pound:  $1.00 - $2.00 unheat-treated $2.50 each for tabs, $2.50 - $3.00 others
Flint Ridge Chert
   Flint Ridge Chert is one of the most colorful varieties of cherts available.  It's generally found in the Flint Ridge region of Ohio.  There are several places where you can pay to dig the chert out yourself, but be prepared to work because this chert is in some of the hardest soil to work.  You will literally need sledge hammers and pry bars to get at it and then it might not be all that colorful or knapable.  Flint Ridge comes in all the colors of the rainbow with some pieces having all those colors swirled in it.  It's nice to work, but some varieties such as the Nethers type have varied consistancies within the colors and quartz pockets.  I do not recommend this chert for beginners because of it's rarity.  Buy it, but hand on to it until you get a little better.  It sure is a pleasure to knap a nice piece of heat treated Flint Ridge.
Current Price Per Pound:  many are priced by the piece at knap-ins, but generally it will run you $3.50 - $5.00 for heat treated.  The more color present in the piece, the more you will likely pay
Novaculite
   Novaculite can be found in the Washita Mountains in Central Arkansas.  Some grades of it are used as whetstones to sharpen knives, but the better varietes are heat treated and used for knapping.  Once heat treated, this stone is very easy to knap.  Novaculite is generally translucent white, but can come in pink, white with red streaks, white with lightening white streaks, cosmic which has dark dots in it, black, and white and black.  Some times when Novaculite is heated, it can produce some rare colors such as robin egg blue and lavender purple.  The streaked variety can have directionality to it (knapping in the same direction as the streaks is easier but not always the most attractive way).  For beginners, this is an excellent stone to start with because of it's forgiving ease to work.  Beginners would be wise to invest in a few pounds of plain white spalls to work while leaving the super colorful and expensive stuff for when they get better.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 per pound and even higher for the pure black and porcelain black types.  This chert can also be priced by the piece at knap-ins
Texas Georgetown Blue Flint
   Georgetown is one of my favorite types of flint to knap.  It has a white chalky cortex and is the closest to true flint that can be found in the United States.  It closely resembles European and Danish flints in color and hardness.  Raw, this flint takes some muscle to knap, but is very knapable without being heat treated.  Since it's found it decent quantities as well as large pieces, the price is reasonable.  It's also a good stone to practice making Turkey Tails on so that rare Hornstone is not wasted.  It's mostly shades of grey/blue, but gets lighter and whiter the closer you get toward the cortex.
Current Price Per Pound:  $2.50 - $3.50 - sometimes priced per piece
Last updated 1/19/09
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Kentucky Hornstone
   Kentucky Hornstone is getting harder to come by, but remains fairly plentiful in the southeastern states.  This type of Hornstone is found as round "cannon ball" type cobbles.  You will find it at knap-ins mainly in half nodules, quarter nodules, and slabs.  It's not a material for beginners because it takes practice to be able to take a half or quarter nodule and get the hump side off without losing all of the width.  It's also a great substitute to make nice turkey tail points.  See my turkey tail made from this material
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 or priced by the piece
Pennsylvania Jasper
   P.A. Jasper is a super material found in southeastern Pennsylvania near the Reading area east and south.  There is also a variety called Bald Eagle Jasper that is located in eastern Pennsylvania.  This lithic material is extremely rare at knap-ins if you find it at all.  Those who have a supply or a source hang on to it.  It works well but can have fossils and quartz veins that will pose a challenge.  This is another material not suited for beginners due to it's rarity.  If you are a beginner and want to buy some, save it for when you get better and you won't regret it.  For more information on P.A. Jasper and other P.A. lithic sources, get Gary Fogleman's book on P.A. lithics
Current Price Per Pound:  $4.50 - $6.00
Buffalo River
   Buffalo River chert is found in several areas of Tennessee and is part of the Fort Payne formation.  Raw it works nice, but if you heat treat it, it will turn a nice red color with circular rings, like a tree, running through it.  Once heated, it works really easy and is nice for beginners.  Some of the darker varieties are are more of a Fort Payne looking material while the real tan stuff (raw) is the classic material that changes color nicely when heated.
Current Price Per Pound:  $2.50 - $3.00 unheated $3.50 -$4.00 heated
Peoria Burlington
   Peoria is a form of Burlington Chert that comes from Oklahoma.  The main quarry is owned by Craig Ratzat.  Perhaps the best Northeastern dealer of Peoria is Steve Nissly.  This chert usually has "spider web" veins of rust or red color running through it.  It's an easy and forgiving chert to knap and sure makes a great looking point when it is laced with the colorful viens.  Some of the viens can contain pockets of junk or seams, but those are the minority, especially when you buy it from Steve.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 heat treated w/ color in it  less for plain white
Keokuk Burlington
   Keokuk is a form of Burlington Chert that comes from Oklahoma or possibly even Missouri.  It's a creamy white or pinkish colored chert with red spots in it.  The red spots are what distinguishes it from normal heat treated Burlington.  Most Keokuk ranges from faily glossy to a rather matt dull luster, but all should contain the red colored spots.  This is a quality type of Burlington and knaps fairly easy.  If you are looking for a material to make a large Hardin point, I'd recommend Keokuk.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 heat treated w/ color in it  less for plain white
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