Other Cherts And Flints
 Take a look at some of the more popular cherts and flints that modern flintknappers enjoy to
knap.  Most of these lithic materials were also utilized by the ancient inhabitants of the areas they
came from.  The purpose of this page is to give new knappers a look at these different raw
materials, as often they hear about them but may not know what they actually look like.  This page
is obviously not an all inclusive guide to all the lithic materials.  Also take note that I am not a rock
vendor, so this is for information only
Burlington Chert
Burlington is probably the most popular chert within the knapping
community.  This is largely in part to it's vast availability, wide array of
colors, and it's acceptance of heat treatment.  When freshly quarried,
Burlington chert can be many colors but is usually white, cream, or
blue/white.  When heat treated, especially the creek cobbles, it can turn pink,
red, orange, or a swirl of all those colors.  Burlington is a great chert for
beginners because it is easy to knap, plentiful, and more forgiving of poor
billet strikes than some cherts.  A bucket of plain white spalls would be a
good investment for the new knapper.  Good heat treated Burlington chert is
a pleasure to knap.
Texas Chert
Texas Chert is also a very popular chert to work amongst knappers.  This is
largely in part to the vast quantities that are available.  It comes in colors like
blue/grey, grey, tan, brown, translucent browns and tans, reds, red & white
marbled (Alibates), and probably a couple more colors I forgot to mention.  
Since you can't stick a shovel in the ground in certain parts of Texas without
hitting a piece of chert, it means that this chert can go for as little as $1.00
per pound for unheat treated tan kinds.  Each kind of Texas Chert has it's
own name such as Pedernales, Georgetown, Alibates, Texas Tabs etc......I
prefer the Texas Tabular pieces as they always seem to have quality material
inside and are generally thin to begin with.  The only problem with tabs is that
you have a square edge to start from, but once you get the hang of doing that
they are a pleasure to knap.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 heat treated w/ color in it  less
for plain white
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 per pound - Texas tabs are
sometimes sold by the inch because they are harder to get
Flint Ridge Chert
Flint Ridge Chert is one of the most colorful varieties of cherts available.  It's
generally found in the Flint Ridge region of Ohio.  There are several places
where you can pay to dig the chert out yourself, but be prepared to work
because this chert is in some of the hardest soil to work.  You will literally
need sledge hammers and pry bars to get at it and then it might not be all that
colorful or knapable.  Flint Ridge comes in all the colors of the rainbow with
some pieces having all those colors swirled in it.  It's nice to work, but some
varieties such as the Nethers type have varied consistancies within the colors
and quartz pockets.  I do not recommend this chert for beginners because of
it's rarity.  Buy it, but hand on to it until you get a little better.  It sure is a
pleasure to knap a nice piece of heat treated Flint Ridge.
Current Price Per Pound:  many are priced by the piece at knap-ins,
but generally it will run you $3.50 - $5.00 for heat treated.  The
more color present in the piece, the more you will likely pay
Novaculite can be found in the Washita Mountains in Central Arkansas.  
Some grades of it are used as whetstones to sharpen knives, but the better
varietes are heat treated and used for knapping.  Once heat treated, this
stone is very easy to knap.  Novaculite is generally translucent white, but
can come in pink, white with red streaks, white with lightening white streaks,
cosmic which has dark dots in it, black, and white and black.  Some times
when Novaculite is heated, it can produce some rare colors such as robin
egg blue and lavender purple.  The streaked variety can have directionality
to it (knapping in the same direction as the streaks is easier but not always
the most attractive way).  For beginners, this is an excellent stone to start
with because of it's forgiving ease to work.  Beginners would be wise to
invest in a few pounds of plain white spalls to work while leaving the super
colorful and expensive stuff for when they get better.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 per pound and even higher
for the pure black and porcelain black types.  This chert can also be
priced by the piece at knap-ins
Texas Georgetown Blue Flint
Georgetown is one of my favorite types of flint to knap.  It has a white
chalky cortex and is the closest to true flint that can be found in the United
States.  It closely resembles European and Danish flints in color and
hardness.  Raw, this flint takes some muscle to knap, but is very knapable
without being heat treated.  Since it's found it decent quantities as well as
large pieces, the price is reasonable.  It's also a good stone to practice
making Turkey Tails on so that rare Hornstone is not wasted.  It's mostly
shades of grey/blue, but gets lighter and whiter the closer you get toward the
Current Price Per Pound:  $2.50 - $3.50 - sometimes priced per piece
Last updated 3/21/16
Kentucky Hornstone
Kentucky Hornstone is getting harder to come by, but remains fairly
plentiful in the southeastern states.  This type of Hornstone is found as
round "cannon ball" type cobbles.  You will find it at knap-ins mainly in half
nodules, quarter nodules, and slabs.  It's not a material for beginners
because it takes practice to be able to take a half or quarter nodule and get
the hump side off without losing all of the width.  It's also a great substitute
to make nice turkey tail points.  
See my turkey tail made from this material
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 or priced by the piece
Pennsylvania Jasper
P.A. Jasper is a super material found in southeastern Pennsylvania near the
Reading area east and south.  There is also a variety called Bald Eagle
Jasper that is located in eastern Pennsylvania.  This lithic material is
extremely rare at knap-ins if you find it at all.  Those who have a supply or a
source hang on to it.  It works well but can have fossils and quartz veins that
will pose a challenge.  This is another material not suited for beginners due
to it's rarity.  If you are a beginner and want to buy some, save it for when
you get better and you won't regret it.  For more information on P.A. Jasper
and other P.A. lithic sources, get
Gary Fogleman's book on P.A. lithics
Current Price Per Pound:  $9.00
Buffalo River
Buffalo River chert is found in several areas of Tennessee and is part of the
Fort Payne formation.  Raw it works nice, but if you heat treat it, it will turn
a nice red color with circular rings, like a tree, running through it.  Once
heated, it works really easy and is nice for beginners.  Some of the darker
varieties are are more of a Fort Payne looking material while the real tan
stuff (raw) is the classic material that changes color nicely when heated.
Current Price Per Pound:  $2.50 - $3.00 unheated $3.50 -$4.00 heated
Peoria Burlington
Peoria is a form of Burlington Chert that comes from Oklahoma.  The main
quarry is owned by Craig Ratzat.  Perhaps the best Northeastern dealer of
Peoria is Steve Nissly.  This chert usually has "spider web" veins of rust or
red color running through it.  It's an easy and forgiving chert to knap and
sure makes a great looking point when it is laced with the colorful viens.  
Some of the viens can contain pockets of junk or seams, but those are the
minority, especially when you buy it from Steve.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 heat treated w/ color in
it  less for plain white
Keokuk Burlington
Keokuk is a form of Burlington Chert that comes from Oklahoma or
possibly even Missouri.  It's a creamy white or pinkish colored chert with red
spots in it.  The red spots are what distinguishes it from normal heat treated
Burlington.  Most Keokuk ranges from faily glossy to a rather matt dull
luster, but all should contain the red colored spots.  This is a quality type of
Burlington and knaps fairly easy.  If you are looking for a material to make a
large Hardin point, I'd recommend Keokuk.
Current Price Per Pound:  $3.50 - $4.00 heat treated w/ color in
it  less for plain white
The rock here is not for sale